While these disasters transformed the city, they had the unanticipated consequence of preserving the archaeological record of the pre‐1788 period very well. It appears that, in many of the areas impacted by the fires, a layer of debris was simply spread around in place prior to new development taking place. Thus, in this part of the city, at both Madame John’s and at St. Anthony’s Garden, levels associated with the French‐era are reasonably intact. At both of these sites, these have included substantial quantities of Native American pottery, relics of trade between Colonial‐era settlers and the area’s indigenous populations. In addition, at both of the sites, remains of small palmetto huts have been identified. These small, simple structures of planks and posts plunged directly into the ground do not match up exactly with the modern street grid, indicating that they may have been constructed in the first years of the city’s history. Such findings, to either side of the 810 Royal lot, suggest that this early period should be one focal point of our investigations.